Civilization was born in Egypt

Egypt is the world’s oldest civilization. It is the gift of the Nile while its second largest city Alexandria is the gift of the Mediterranean. Egypt is considered by early Greek and Romans to be one of the oldest vacation spots.

All believing Muslims Jews and Christians believe that Pharaoh was the name of the Egyptian king during the time of Moses and he died drowned in the Red Sea when he and his men were chasing Moses and his men (Children of Israel) who were fleeing Egypt. Pharaoh was actually the title of ancient Egyptian rulers from 3200 BCE to 332 BCE. Rameses II was the ruler above who was drowned in the red sea and his body was saved later on till now as a mummy. Rameses-II was an intelligent and had great interest in arts and architecture.

The Koran stated that the pharaoh slaughtered the sons of Israel and letting their women live. Moses mother throw him into the Nile river due to her fear from the Pharaohs men to kill her son. Allah promised Moses’s mother not to fear or grieve. Allah would restore him to her and to make him of the apostles.

The Pharaoh’s family picked him up without realizing he might be for them a foe and a grief. Pharaoh’s wife ordered not to kill The baby citing that he is a cheering of the eye to her and would be their son. During that time, Allah supported the heart of Moses mother as a true believer and patient.

Moses’s Mother asked his sister to follow him. she looked after him from afar. Moses, the baby, refused all breast feeders. Later on, his sister advised the Pharaohs family of a caring breast feeder family. Moses accepted his new feeder. His new feeder was his mother. She was happy and Allah promise to her was a fact.

Moses grew up and escaped the city after killing a Coptic man during a fight between the Coptic man and one of the sons of Israel. Moses was in a great sorrow and cited that it was the action of Satan. Moses asked Allah to save him from the unjust people.

Moses went to another city and got married from the daughter of Showib. In his way back with his wife, Allah spoke to Moses to be his messenger to the Pharaohs. Moses asked to have Aaron, his brother to be with him. Allah honored Moses’s request and appointed Aaron as a prophet to help his brother.

Moses and his brother returned back to Egypt and asked the Pharaohs to believe and follow the right way worshiping Allah instead of worshiping the king of Pharaohs. Moses showed the Pharaoh all miracles as a proof that he is the messenger of Allah to them but in vain although many of the Pharaohs men believed in Moses as the messenger of Allah and turned to be a true believers.

Moses took the believers including the sons of Israel to Sinai crossing the Red Sea. Allah paved the sea to have Moses and his followers cross the water after the Moses followers feared from drowning. The Pharaohs followed them but Everyone accompanying Pharaoh was perished by Allah in the red sea.

Location and Geography

Egypt is located in the north eastern of Africa. It lies at the center of all routes that lead to and from Asia, Africa and Europe. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine, on the south by Sudan, and on the west by Libya.

Egypt area is about double the area of England and about 3 times the size of Texas. Egypt is 50 feet below sea level. Cairo is the capital. Alexandria is the second largest city after Cairo and is the largest sea port in Egypt. Other important cities are Giza, Aswan and Sinai. There are 5 oasis located in the desert close to the western borders: Farafrah, Bahriah, Dakhla, Kharijah, and the Siwah oases.

Most of Egypt is subtropical area. The climate is mild in winter and hot in summer. Egypt population is close to 70 million. Cairo is about 20 million and Alexandria is about 5 million.

Egypt depended on the Nile for water supply.The availability abundant water allowed the creation of a society which produced a great civilization.

The Nile River

The Nile River is the longest river in the world. The Nile river flows from south to north and is formed by three major sources: the White Nile, the Blue Nile and the Atbara.

The Nile river has its source in the highlands of the African country of Ethiopia. North of Cairo, the Nile splits into two branches the Rosetta Branch to the west and the Damietta to the east. Lake Nasser is a man-made lake created by the construction of the Aswan High Dam. The dam was built to regulate the flow of the Nile River.

The Aswan High Dam has caused other changes and is used also to generate electricity. The water surface of the lake has reduced the average temperature in the region.

The proximity of the Desert to the river is a constant reminder of the fragility of the narrow strip of life which survives all the way from Aswan to Cairo. Many of the dwellings and settlements have a very simple existence with few modern amenities.The history of Egypt is totally dominated by the River Nile. At one time nearly all transportation was by boat along the river.


Cairo is the largest city in the Middle East and Africa.Cairo was founded by the Fatimid leader Jawhar Al-Sequilli in 969 AD, by an order from the Fatimid Khalif Al-Mo’iz lideenellah. It was named “the city of the 1000 minarets.

Cairo is Africa’s most populous city and the Arab world’s cultural center. People from all over the world visit Cairo to see the monuments and artifacts of ancient Egypt.

Cairo provides its visitors with great cultural destinations which include a vast amount of art galleries, music halls and cultural centers. Tourists can enjoy Khan El Khalili Bazaar while shopping for antiques, rugs, copper and many other oriental gifts

Cairo is the city where past and present meet. On its west side lays the Ancient Egyptian city of Memphis (Giza), the renowned capital of the Old Kingdom and the site of the Pyramids. A journey through Cairo is a journey through the history of old and ancient civilization.


Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great around 331 BC by. It was the capital of Egypt till AD 641 when a new capital Fustat was built which was Cairo later on. Currently, it is the second capital of Egypt after Cairo.

Alexandria is located in the northern part of Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea and is one of the most important sea ports in Egypt. It is a main summer resort and tourist attraction due to its beaches, museums and ancient history.

Alexandria is Egypt’s largest seaport, Egypt’s largest industrial city, major center for international trade and the second largest city in Egypt (Cairo is the largest city in Egypt). Alexandria is home to famous new Alexandria Library ( Bibliotheca Alexandrina ), Pharohs Lighthouse of Alexandria (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World) and Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa.

Alexandria museums are Alexandria Aquarium, The Alexandria National Museum, Graeco-Roman Museum, Royal Jewelry Museum, the museum of Fine Arts and the Cavafy museum.

Alexandria Palaces are Montaza Palace, in Montaza, Ras al-Tiin Palace, in Ras al-Tiin, Presidential Palace, in Maamoura and Palais d’Antoniadis, in Smoha.

Alexandria Library

Ancient Alexandria is the birth place of the modern world. Different great civilizations and cultures developed around Alexandria in different times. The ancient empires includes: Ancient Egyptians (c. 3000-1000 BC); Assyrians and Babylonians (c. 1000-500 BC); Persians (c. 550-330 BC); Greeks (c. 330-60 BC); and Romans (C. 60 BC – 140 AD).

Ptolemies founded the Museum or Royal Library of Alexandria in 283 BC and Alexandria University. during the Greek Era. Scientists arrived at scientific facts concerning the earth’s rotation around the sun and approximate circumference of the planet. The university was also famous for the study of medicine particularly anatomy and surgery. Most famous of the university scientists were the geometrician Euclides, the geographer Ptolemy and the Egyptian historian Maniton.

Alexandria library was the ancient world’s single greatest archive of knowledge. It has been estimated that at one time the large Library of Alexandria held over half a million documents from Assyria, Greece, Persia, Egypt and India.

The reasons of the loss of the library are not known. The great library was burned and much of ancient history, literature and learning was lost.

Sinai is a a triangular peninsula in Egypt and is the only part of Egypt located in Asia. The Sinai peninsula has historically been the center of conflict due to its location and history.


The Sinai peninsula is divided into 2 governorates North Sinai and South Sinai. The most popular tourist destination in Sinai are Mount Sinai and St. Catherine’s Monastery.

Sinai climate is the coldest in Egypt because of its high altitudes and mountainous topographies.

The Suez Canal

The idea of the canal dates back to the ancient times during the role of Tuthmosis III, to link the Red sea to the Nile River to have the trade route along the river to India. The canal had 2 parts during the Persian King Darius I and Ptolemaic era, the Roman Empire and the Islamic conquest. The canal was abandoned upon the discovery of the trade route around Africa.

The French Engineers of Napoleon suggested to link the Mediterranean to the Red Sea around 1800 A.D. to have a shorter trade route to india. French Consul in Cairo and famous Canal digger Ferdinand de Lesseps. He was granted a decree by the khedive Said of Egypt to run the Canal for 99 years after completion.

The Suez Canal construction Project runs north to south across the Isthmus of Suez in Northeastern Egypt. lasts 7 years to be completed (1859 – 1867) in addition to a major highway linking the capital Cairo and new city of Ismailia. The Suez Canal was officially inaugurated by Khedive Ismail in 1869. Many Egyptians workers died during digging the canal due to bad working conditions. In 1956, Egypt seized the canal, which caused Britain, France and Israel to attack Egypt. The United Nations declared the Suez canal is an Egyptian property.

The Suez canal stopped in 1967 due to war with Israel. The canal was reopened in 1975. Today, There is no level difference therefore there is no locks and ships traffic is monitored by stations. The Suez canal handles %14 of world shipping.

Modern Egypt

Mohammad Ali is considered the founder of Modern Egypt. He sponsored scientists and artists to transfer modern science from Europe to Egypt. He built a ship yard in Alexandria, military academy, schools, dams, canals, barrages and factories.

Ismail followed the steps of Mohammed Ali to modernize Egypt. His main achievements were the railroads and the Suez Canal which was opened to international navigation in 1869. He focused on agriculture, industry, construction and architecture.

Egypt officially broke off from Ottoman empire in 1914 and turned to be a British Colony. Mostafa Kamel, Muhammad Fareed and Saad Zaghloul led the resistance and national movement against the British colonization leading the 1919 Revolution calling for independence. The British occupation of Egypt came to an end and the country was declared as an independent state in 1922. The first Egyptian Constitution was issued in 1923.

Egyptian Gifts, Souvenirs, Handcrafts

In Quran,
Chapter 27 “The Ant””27.36”: So when he came to Sulaiman, he said: What! will you help me with wealth? But what Allah has given me is better than what He has given you. Nay, you are exultant because of your gift;
The prophet, peace upon him, said “offer gifts to love each other”

The gift definition is acquired without effort or payment or obligation. The types of gifts are good indicators of what people think of each other.

As a wedding habits in the Islamic world, the man is expected to bring costly gifts during the engagement period. the groom is asked to bring gifts of gold such as long necklace, gold earrings and bracelets. Usually, he stands in front of her family during the engagement ceremony saying, “This is the dowry of your daughter.” He begins counting the gifts in front of the person who will perform the wedding ceremony.


Papyrus is made from the stem of the papyrus plant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. Papyrus is first known to have been used in ancient Egypt and throughout the Mediterranean region. Ancient Egyptians used this plant as a writing material and for making boats, mattresses, mats, rope, sandals, hats, fish traps, trays, floor mats, roofs, ceilings, fences and baskets. Today,People harvest papyrus, which is used to manufacture items that are sold or used locally in East and West African communities..

Perfume Bottles

Perfume Bottles serve as a beautiful additions to any collections, decorations, ornaments or may be filled with scented oils and fragrances or as candle holders. Our beautiful mouth blown exotic perfume bottles are made of pure imported European Pyrex, hand painted, kiln-fired and accented with 24 K gold. Every bottle comes in assorted colors which make it a unique masterpiece. The bottles arrive wrapped in Egyptian cotton and bubbles inside 3-ply box.

We have a variety of design boxes to choose. They range from plain boxes to elegant gift boxes with show window . You can even request your logo to be printed on the box. Mouth Blowing and Hand Painting Perfume Bottles Process

The glass is heated at the end of a long pyrex glass rod and then the crafter handling it mouth blows through the rod for the desired design. A glass stopper is used as the perfume applicator. The last step is hand painting the clear glass perfume bottles. Thus, perfume bottles and glass vases are made in various colors and designs.

All perfume bottles are hand painted in clear, red, green, blue, gold, amber, violet, purple and multi colors. Etched, Crystal effects, Ceramic, Bohemia, Marble, Mardi, Milan, Italian designs and custom orders are available for volumes ranges from 1 ml to more than 100 ml.


Exercise and fitness play an integral part in the life of a Muslim believer without mixing of the sexes or wearing clothing not matching The Islamic dress code known in Quran and Sunnah. In a [Sahih Muslim] hadith, the Prophet said “Teach your children swimming, archery and horse riding”. In another narration “Practice archery and horseback riding”. Egypt Gift Shops offer hand crafted Leather saddles, velvet saddles, horse back riding blankets, Camel riding back blankets, halters, gold plated nose bands, silver plated nose bands and breast collars for exercises and horse shows


Ancient early Egyptians wove linens of beautiful designs as shown on Mummy cloths and paintings. Embroidery and weaving were taught from generation to generation. The city of Akhmim was known of the best Embroidery masters in Ancient Egypt. Today, it is the center of weaving industry.

Embroidery is a decorative needlework using embroidery thread stitches to create variety of designs and patterns on fabric. Embroidery can be used on dresses, blouses, bed sheets, table cloth, cushions, upholstered furniture and quilts.

Women Clothing

Rules regarding Muslim women attire are derived from the Koran, Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Muslim women dress cover the entire body, with the exception of the face and the hands and should not be eye catching or reveal the shape of the body. Muslim women wearing Islamic dress work and study without any problems

The khimar word in Arabic means coverage. Khimar is an external covering and internal heart veil for Muslim Women. Women should not show her beauty, adornments or private parts except for their husbands. The clothing should not be tight, provocative or attract men’s attention but loose and modest. Women should not dress in a way similar to the non believers or men. The khimar ranges from full length floor grazed overhead khimar called chador, mid calf, knee, thigh, hips, waist to short khimar named Al Amira hijab. The khimar has variety of designs regardless of the length. Arm holes, sleeves and front cardigan are among variety of khimars sewing tailor designs

Niqab or facial veil is a cloth covering the Muslim woman face and leaves the eyes visible. There are many designs of niqab worn by Muslim women around the world. The two most common niqabs are the half niqab and the full niqab. The half niqab is a simple length of fabric with elastic or ties leaves the eyes and part of the forehead visible. The full niqab completely covers the face including the forehead except eyes..

The chador is a long cloak that covers a woman’s entire body. Like the khimar, the chador wraps around the head, but instead of hanging just to the middle of back, the chador drapes to a woman’s feet. Koran tells all believers men and women to lower their gaze and wear modest clothing. The khimar is an Islamic modest dress garment covers partially or fully Muslim women body from head according to Koran and Sunnah


Muslim women wear modest Islamic bathing Swimwear to please Allah not to show their private parts or bosoms in public. The burqini suits covers the Muslim women from head to toes. The swimsuits are suitable for Muslim women and girls for swimming tournaments, schools, beaches, pools and gym.


Herbs grown in Egypt in deserts and mountainous. Prophet Muhammad (Peace upon him) indicated that herbs can treat many diseases. Herbs are a source for extracting natural remedy for many serious diseases. For example, morphine is extracted from opium and used as a strong pain killer, especially after surgeries.

Foot Health is Essential for a Happy Life

Most people don’t take much care of their feet except for people who get regular foot massage pedicures at beauty salons, spas, home…etc. people develop foot pains as early as their 20s. By getting older, some foot problems are inevitable but the progress of many problems can be slowed down.

Daily care of the feet is important not only to treat foot problems but also to prevent them. Podiatrists suggest washing and drying the feet thoroughly at least once a day and massage cream into the feet after bathing. For an odor problem, use a deodorant. Tired foot therapy is a good way to relax them and aid and boost blood circulation.

Foot ills such as ingrown toenails, calluses, corns, blisters and bunions can be treated successfully, if not prevented, with appropriate attention from a podiatrist. Rapid Soothing foot baths, glossy nail polish and pumice stones will not end foot ailments by months of poor foot treatment.

Metal Foot Pedicure Bowl

For the treatment of calluses and corns, soaking the feet in warm, soapy water for few minutes. Gently rub calluses or corns with a luffa. Remove dead skin with a firm brush. Massage moisturizing cream and oil into the skin. To prevent ingrown toenails, nails should be cut straight across and should extend a bit further than the end of the toe to prevent ingrown nails. Soaking the foot in warm water to soften the nail. Then, slip a small bit of sterile cotton under the nail so that it will be directed to grow properly.

Unique Curvy River Under Mount Sinks

Kitchens are one of the rooms that fit unusual curvy river counter top sinks. The river counter top sinks are handmade in different designs and varied sizes. These sinks can’t be found anywhere and can be built in modern, classic or rustic styles for commercial and residential use. They are installed under the counter top. Undermount sinks are growing in popularity because they’re easy to clean and offer a seamless appearance.

A1 Egypt has many styles of curvy river sinks that fit modern, traditional and rustic homes. We can help you design the perfect kitchen area that looks and feels unique. One of the styles are in nickel as shown below:

33″ long nickel curvy river under mount sink

Other popular styles of unusual unique kitchen counter top sinks are in shiny copper as shown

A Shiny luxury copper river sink

or torch firing patina as shown

Torch firing patina river curvy sink

or rustic green patina as shown

How to Tell Glass from Plastic Beads

Sometimes, the two types of plastic and glass beads cannot be distinguishable from each other. Thus, a few tricks are needed to tell the difference between plastic beads and glass crystal beads as follow:

Crystal Glass Table Lamp Sevres

1. Heat up the beads using fire (lighter fire for example). Plastic beads melt. Crystal glass will not melt.

2. Pick up the bead in your bare hand. Glass beads initially feel cool to the touch, because they are much denser than acrylic beads, which are most commonly used to imitate the glass beads. On the other side, the glass beads warm up pretty quickly in the hand, while it takes longer for the acrylic beads to change temperature.

Hand Beaded Glass Crystal Ceiling Stairs way Foyer Chandelier

3. Measure the weight of the beads. Generally, the acrylic beads are much lighter than glass beads.

Pair of Glass Crystal Basket Wall Sconces

4. If you have spare beads, you can also tell the difference by lightly tapping them with a hammer. Place the bead on a hard surface and tap it with the hammer. A glass bead will crack quite easily, while the hammer will bounce off a plastic bead under a light blow.

Our ceiling chandeliers, wall sconces and table lamps collection are hand beaded from glass crystal beads by artful artistic artisans.

Copper is a Superior Material

  1. Copper has the symbol Cu in the periodic table and atomic number 29
  2. Copper pedicure bowls offer a wide range of health benefits
  3. Water stored in copper bowls is healthier than water stored elsewhere
  4. Copper is lead free and eco-friendly
  5. Copper is anti bacterial and destroy Foot Bacteria upon contact
  6. Copper is anti microbial and suppress growth of microbes
  7. Blood improves human body blood circulation
  8. Copper enables the body to form red blood cells
  9. Copper removes dead skin cells
  10. Copper soothes muscles and skin
  11. Copper keeps human body temperature lower
  12. Copper maintains blood pressure since it is a good conductor of heat
  13. Copper cleans the colon and relieves constipation
  14. Copper destroys marine life in harbors
  15. Copper is a good electrical and thermal conductor
  16. Copper is a corrosion resistant
  17. Copper is recyclable
  18. Copper is ductile, malleable and not magnetic
  19. Copper element found in human bones, liver and muscles
  20. Copper is a tough metal, does not brittle and easy to alloy
  21. Popular copper alloys are brass, bronze and sterling silver
Copper /brass is used to hand make crystal basket chandeliers, wall sconces, table tops, trays, mirrors, finials and sculptures are shown above

Copper is used for many industrial and construction applications. Our shop a1egypt uses it mainly for home and garden decorations. We hand make brass crystal basket chandeliers

Crystal Basket Ceiling Chandelier

, wall light sconces

Crystal Balls Wall Sconce Applique

, ceiling lamp lanterns, tables, table tops, table lamps, floor table lamps, bathroom kitchen sinks

, pet bowls, fountains, water features, garden sculptures, bird baths, ornaments, roof finials, mirrors, backsplash tiles, drain covers, water reflection pools, trays, toilet seats, fruits bowls, manicure bowls, foot pedicure bowls, planters, flowers basins, storage containers, mugs, water ponds, pedestals, obelisks, sculptures, minaret finials, bracelets and decor accents.

How A Copper Bowl is Hand Made

Copper was the first and the most important metal in history because it was available in great quantities. Ancient Egyptians used it to make weapons, simple tools and ornaments.

hammering a copper disc placed on a wooden block hollowed to fit the profile of the required object is dating back to ancient Egypt. Copper bowl hand making takes skill to master. Artisans use simple tools to cut and form the copper into bowls in unique shapes. The simplest main shape is the round shape but there other unique shapes which have been continuously improved to fit in with evolution of our current lifestyle.

An Egyptian Artisans uses both hands and feet to form a heavy gauge bowl from scratch

Artisans utilize virgin pure copper sheeting and mark required shapes to cut onto a copper sheet with pencil or a sharpie marker, use snips (Large scissor) to cut the copper sheet and apply heat to copper using a torch. Copper starts to change color, turning different shades of bright red, purple and blue. Copper changes colors because of surface oxidation. As it is heated, a layer of black copper oxide will form, thus changing its color. As the temperature increases, the oxide layer will get thicker. The copper needs to be softened in order to form it into bowls or any other shape. This process makes shaping the metal possible with hand tools and is called annealing.

Having impressions of hammer marks on the bowls called texturing. This process is pounding the bowl by hand to form, harden, and strengthen it after it’s been softened with heat.

The textured hammered large size copper bowl can be used as a birdbath, planter, fountain, basin or water reflection pool

Copper bowls serve indoors and outdoors as sinks, pedicure basins, pots, containers, bird baths, pools, fountains, cookware, planters, ash tray etc. If you would like to see the range of copper bowls, visit and